The Aramaic Language of the Zohar

Resources for studying Kabbalah in the original language

Grammar I

Grammar I: Parts of Speech

These files on the grammar of the Zohar’s Aramaic are original content of this website, copyright 2014 by the author, Judy Barrett. They are work in progress, subject to revision. In large part, they are translations of or distilled from Menahem Kaddari’s דקדוק הלשון הארמית של הזוהר Dikduk ha-lashon ha-Aramit shel ha-Zohar (Jerusalem: Kiryat Sefer, 1971).

Feel free to download and use these pdf files for your study. Let us know if you find them useful; if you spot errors or have questions, please contact us. 

Parts of Speech






Model Nouns



Pronouns: Paradigms



Verbs are the moving life blood of Aramaic and other Semitic languages. The files below include an overall introduction, an explanation of the binyanim or conjugations (patterns affecting meaning), and a selection of paradigms (examples of verb in all their forms).


I. Overview of Verbs


II. Conjugations/Binyanim


III Paradigms:  Introduction

Paradigms: Strong Verbs

Peh-Nun Verbs

Ayin-Alef Verbs

Peh-Yod Verbs

Peh-Alef Verbs

Lamed-Yod Verbs

Hollow-Medial Vav Verbs 

Irregular Verbs



Menahem Kaddari’s summary of his work on the grammar of the Zohar (draft translation – non-searchable pdf file)

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